Eczema is itchy and chronic condition on skin. It commonly occurs within first 5 years of our life. Eczema affects infants and sometimes would last into adulthood. Some infants have mild cases while others have troublesome eczema. Severe eczema in infants is called atopic dermatitis. Who gets eczema? It is common in people having history of asthma, hay fever, and eczema. These diseases are all known as “atopic triad”. Any children with this skin problem usually develop asthma or allergies. So, how can we compare eczema in babies, infants, or older children? We can notice based on appearance and location.
Various Locations of Eczema in Infants
Location of eczema in infants changes in age. Young babies usually have eczema on the forehead, cheeks, and scalp. It mostly affects the body. At the age of 6 – 12 months, eczema occurs on the knees, elbows, or any crawling surfaces. 2 years old babies commonly have eczema on the wrists, knees, hands, and ankles. Sometimes, it affects the eyelids and the mouth. In older adolescents and children, eczema occurs involving only the hands. In young babies, eczema tends to me weepy and redder. It appears drier in older children and toddlers. Sometimes, it would be thickened along with skin lines.
Trigger and Cure of Eczema in Infants
A flare of eczema in infants occurs when their skin is very dry. If the skin gets in contact with allergic substances or irritating triggers, a flare may occur. Eczema comes to the worst condition in the winter season. Babies often drool. The saliva becomes the further trigger of irritation. It affects the neck, chin, and cheeks. We can apply Vaseline ointment in these cases. This ointment decrease irritation on the skin. Sometimes there are specific triggers for eczema. They are scented products, cigarette smoke, fabrics, carpet, pets, and also dust mites. We should bring our babies to dermatologist or pediatrician for these cases.
There are no specific cures for eczema in infants. Fortunately, babies eczema milder with time. We can control eczema as well. Treating eczema deals with skin inflammation and skin dryness. We need to bathe our infants regularly. Sometimes topical steroids are useful to be anti-inflammatory drugs. They are the best to treat inflammation. In severe cases, oral drugs are needed. How can we bathe infants with eczema? Daily bathing is required. The water should be warm. The duration of bathing is about 10 or more minutes. We should not include additives such as salts or bubble baths. Those can worsen the eczema.
We should understand the difference between creams, ointments, and lotions for eczema. Moisturizers are categorized based on the water content and oil. The more oil has the better result in dealing with dry skin. Lotions and creams have preservatives. They may burn on eczema. Ointments based lotion is recommended for eczema in infants. Lotions commonly are not recommended. In summer, cream is preferable to prevent prickly heat. In daily activities, we should let our kids doing normal childhood routines. Even swimming is allowed. We should rinse our child after swimming. Don’t forget to apply moisturizer.